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2nd International Conference on Dermatology and Allergic Diseases , will be organized around the theme “Emerging Therapeutics in Integrated Allergic & Skin Care”

Allergic Diseases 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Allergic Diseases 2019

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An allergic reaction is the response of our hypersensitive immune system against allergens, which are typical foreign harmless substances. Allergens can enter our body through inhalation, food, water, drinks, and sometimes, even on touching them.  Our immune system protects our body from invading organisms that can cause infections. However, early exposure to allergens is protective in nature, while late exposure can sometimes cause distress and can result in allergy. Treatment for allergic reactions includes mostly evading allergens and use of antihistamines and steroids. However, in severe allergies, adrenaline/ epinephrine are to be injected. In cases of an acute hypersensitive immune system, Allergen immunotherapy is recommended which exposes the immune system to large quantities of potential allergens gradually; however, this therapy is not used to treat food allergies. The immune system reacts to the allergen by producing Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies and attach to mast cells which release histamine and other chemicals thereby causing an allergic reaction.

  • Track 1-1Neurology of allergic inflammation
  • Track 1-2Plant allergy
  • Track 1-3Epigenetics in allergic diseases
  • Track 1-4Insulin allergy
  • Track 1-5Autoimmune Thyroid Diseases
  • Track 1-6Graves’ disease and Multiple Sclerosis
  • Track 1-7Type 1 diabetes
  • Track 1-8Psoriasis/psoriatic arthritis
  • Track 1-9Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Track 1-10Systemic lupus erythematosus
  • Track 1-11Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Track 1-12Inflammatory bowel disease
  • Track 1-13Sjogren’s syndrome
  • Track 1-14Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis and Vasculitis
  • Track 1-15Myasthenia gravis and Pernicious anemia

A drug allergy is an adverse reaction to sensitivity towards drugs and medications and it doesn’t include the immune system most of the times. Medications and therapies like Antibiotics, Aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, Anticonvulsants, Monoclonal antibodies, Chemotherapy are more likely to produce allergic reactions. One of the most severe allergic reactions is  Anaphylaxis that involves hives, lowered blood pressure, swelling, and in more severe cases, causes anaphylactic shock, which if not treated immediately can be lethal since it involves more than one body metabolic functions. However, an allergic reaction doesn’t occur on the first exposure with the allergen, since the body has to first create memory then the lymphocyte cells make antibodies against the antigen. However, since the drugs consist of numerous different substances, any of those substances can cause an allergic reaction, including dyes. Symptoms include rashes, trouble breathing, fever, itching, and swelling or redness.

The vaccine allergy is one of the most extremely rare types of allergy, with only one to two serious allergic reactions per million vaccinations given. But when a person affected by vaccine allergy, it can be very serious, even life-threatening. The allergic reactions start within minutes, after the vaccination and the symptoms include indications on the skin like itching, urticaria, and swelling, followed by respiratory indices like a cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing, swollen glands, and a reduced blood pressure. If the reaction is stronger, then it should be treated immediately with epinephrine.

  • Track 4-1Antibiotics and penicillin allergy
  • Track 4-2Aspirin (Salicylate) allergy
  • Track 4-3Anaphylaxis
  • Track 4-4Anticonvulsants
  • Track 4-5Monoclonal antibody therapy
  • Track 4-6Polyclonal antibody therapy
  • Track 4-7Chemotherapy
  • Track 4-8Antihistamines and Corticosteroids
Respiratory allergies occur when the immune system has a negative reaction with some airborne substance such as dust or we can call the respiratory allergies are airborne. Although these substances are not really a danger to the body, the antibodies from the immune system identify the allergen as a threat. This cause certain cells to release a chemical substance called histamine, which causes an allergic reaction; while the symptoms of allergy are different from person to person, symptoms can affect the skin, eyes, or airways.
 
Respiratory allergies are mainly rhinitis and asthma. Rhinitis causes irritations of the sensory nerves, which affects the nasal passages. Asthma is caused by the inflammation of the bronchi, which affects the airways within the lungs. But in few cases of asthma, the bronchial walls got swollen thus cause the inflammation of bronchi and thus leads to breathless.
 
  • Track 5-1Allergic asthma
  • Track 5-2Asthma types and symptoms
  • Track 5-3Asthma Pathophysiology
  • Track 5-4Cystic fibrosis
  • Track 5-5Lung Allergy
  • Track 5-6COPD
  • Track 5-7Noxious particles
  • Track 5-8Air pollution and dust allergy
  • Track 5-9Pollen and Mold allergy
  • Track 5-10Seasonal allergy and cold
Allergic diseases in children have increased significantly in recent years and now affect up to 30% to 35% of children; which are the major cause of morbidity in children. Allergy tends to be more common in children as compared to the adults, with allergic rhinitis, asthma, eczema, and food allergy. As the child matures the distribution and the pattern of diseases start changing. Infants are more likely to present with food allergy, gastrointestinal symptoms and wheezing atopic eczema, whilst the older children typically present with allergic rhinoconjunctivitis and allergic asthma.
 
Atopic children have a genetic predisposition, which is the exposure to the environmental allergens, infection, and irritants that will determine the sensitization to different dietary and inhalant allergens. As the genetic and environmental factors which act on an immature cellular immune system are better elucidated and their roles established, the implementation of more abiding preventive efforts will be developed.
 
  • Track 6-1Respiratory allergy and eye allergy
  • Track 6-2Insect allergy
  • Track 6-3Allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
  • Track 6-4Seasonal allergy
  • Track 6-5Nasal congestion
  • Track 6-6Ear infections
  • Track 6-7Drug allergy
  • Track 6-8Pediatric immunology
  • Track 6-9Pediatric pulmonology
  • Track 6-10Nutritional allergy
  • Track 6-11Anaphylaxis and latex allergy
  • Track 6-12Skin allergy
  • Track 6-13Neonatal conjunctivitis
  • Track 6-14Infant respiratory distress syndrome
  • Track 6-15Indoor allergy and outdoor allergy
  • Track 6-16Diagnosing allergy in babies and toddlers

Food allergy is an immune system reaction that occurs due to certain proteins found in food. Even a tiny amount of allergy-causing food can trigger signs and symptoms such as hives or swollen airways, digestive problem. In a few people, a food allergy can cause severe symptoms or even can be frightening such as anaphylaxis which is a life-threatening reaction. Food allergy affects an estimated 5 to 7 percent of children under age 3 and up to 3 percent of adults. While there’s no cure, few children grow with their food allergy as they get older. Food allergy includes itchiness, vomiting, diarrhea, hives, trouble breathing, swelling of the tongue, or low blood pressure. Food allergies are more common in male children than females and appear to be increasing in frequency. Some allergies are commonly developed in early life, while others typically develop later in life.

  • Track 7-1Asprin Intolerance and Salicylates
  • Track 7-2Celiac disease and wheat allergy
  • Track 7-3Milk allergy & Lactose intolerance
  • Track 7-4Egg allergy
  • Track 7-5Eggplant allergy
  • Track 7-6Mushroom Allergy
  • Track 7-7Nut allergy and mustard allergy
  • Track 7-8Fish allergy and Shellfish allergy
  • Track 7-9Sulfite sensitivity
  • Track 7-10Soy allergy and corn allergy
  • Track 7-11FPIES allergy and Fruit allergy
  • Track 7-12Red meat allergy
  • Track 7-13Alpha-gal allergy
  • Track 7-14Garlic allergy
  • Track 7-15Sesame allergy and Other Seeds allergy
  • Track 7-16Oral allergy Syndrome
  • Track 7-17Multiple food allergy
Allergic diseases and cardiovascular diseases are commonly found in developed countries. They lead to serious health difficulties and undoubtedly impair the quality of life. Both the types of diseases are identifying by excessive inflammatory processes. The most life-threatening and deadly demonstration of allergic diseases in anaphylaxis is a condition in which the cardiovascular system is responsible for the majority of clinical symptoms and for the potentially fatal outcome.  Recent Studies suggest a link between allergy and cardiovascular disease, resulting from the overactivity of the immune system in allergic diseases and increased synthesis of proinflammatory mediators.
 
The heart is both a source and a target of chemical mediators released during the allergic reaction. Mast cells are abundant in human heart, where they are located generally around the outermost covering tissue called adventitia of large coronary arteries and in close contact with the small intramural vessels. Cardiac mast cells can be activated by a number of stimuli including complement factors, general anesthetics, muscle relaxants, and allergens. The mediators which are released from immunologically activated human heart mast cells strongly influence ventricular function, cardiac rhythm and coronary artery tone.
  • Track 8-1Allergy and heart palpitations
  • Track 8-2Mediterranean diet and cardiovascular risk
  • Track 8-3Food allergy and CVD
  • Track 8-4Coronary artery disease
  • Track 8-5Cardiac catheterization
  • Track 8-6Pet allergy
  • Track 8-7Smoking allergy and Tobacco allergy
  • Track 8-8Alcohol allergy and heart diseases
  • Track 8-9OTC and cardiac medications
Seasonal allergies, that occurs in a particular season is more commonly known as “hay fever” or  seasonal allergic rhinitis, are allergy symptoms that happen during certain times of the year, generally when the outdoor molds release their spores, and grasses, weeds, and trees release tiny pollen particles into the air to fertilize other plants. The pollen released from the insect-pollinated plants is too heavy to remain airborne for a long period of time, and they’re less likely to trigger an allergic reaction.
 
Hay fever occurs by its name from the hay-cutting season. Generally, this activity occurred in the summer months, during the same time many people experienced symptoms. Seasonal allergies are less common during the winter, but few people experienced allergic rhinitis year-round. In the whole year seasonally plants release their characteristics pollens. Depending on the environment the allergy triggers and people may experience hay fever in more than one season. The immune system may also react to an indoor allergen such as pet dander or mold. 
 
  • Track 9-1Pollen allergy
  • Track 9-2Spring Allergy
  • Track 9-3Summer Allergy
  • Track 9-4Fall Allergy
  • Track 9-5Winter Allergy
  • Track 9-6Water Allergy
  • Track 9-7Allergy, immunity and heredity
  • Track 9-8Immune responses and allergy

Microbial allergy: A misguided reaction to foreign substances by the immune system, the body system of defense against foreign invaders, particularly pathogenic microorganisms, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms, virus and even infectious proteins called prions. The allergies can cause bacterial infections including sinusitis whereas many sinusitis infections are viral and resolve on their own; which cannot be treated with the antibiotics. However, the bacterial sinus infections may require antibiotics to get better. The symptoms of sinusitis can include nasal drainage or congestion, lessened ability to smell, facial pressure, fever, fatigue disorders, cough, and ear pressure. People with these symptoms may have a bacterial infection. Many antibiotics are highly effective against bacterial sinusitis, wiping out the infection.

  • Track 10-1Bacterial allergy
  • Track 10-2MRSA infection
  • Track 10-3Fungal allergy
  • Track 10-4Rare allergic diseases
  • Track 10-5Airborne allergy
  • Track 10-6Fungal sinusitis allergy & rhinosinusitis
  • Track 10-7Viral infections and allergic diseases
Allergies primarily affect the middle ear which has a drainage tube or pressure release valve called the eustachian (you-STAY-shun) tube. If this tube is blocked with mucus or its opening is blocked by the swelling caused by allergy, then pressure and fluid can build up in the middle ear. This gives us the sensation of being down a well, having the need to “pop” our ears frequently, and can result in the diminished hearing. Allergies are well a recognized cause for recurrent otitis media or OM, also called as Middle ear infections.
 
Nasal allergies can cause itching, nasal rubbing, sneezing, nasal congestion, and nasal drainage. Generally, allergies are not the primary cause of these symptoms in children under four years old. However, in allergic children, these symptoms are caused by exposure to allergens such as pollens, mold, dust, and dander. Allergies may lead to the formation of too much mucus which can make the running nose or drip down the back of the throat, which cause “post-nasal drip”, which can lead to sore throats, cough and a husky voice.
 
Ocular allergy is also known as eye allergy such as allergic conjunctivitis which is an inflammatory reaction of the eye caused by particles or allergens in the environment. It is very usual and occurs in all age groups of people. Inflammation can be asymptomatic or cause dramatic symptoms, and in severe cases, can cause severe loss of vision.
  • Track 11-1Allergic Rhinitis, Sinusitis, and Rhinosinusitis
  • Track 11-2Nasal allergy
  • Track 11-3Ear infection and allergy
  • Track 11-4Sore throat and irritation
  • Track 11-5Allergic conjunctivitis

Stings from the insects such as hornets, wasps, honeybee, yellow jackets, and fire ants are known to cause the allergic reactions to the venom injected into the skin. However, most of the people are not allergic to the insect venom, but sometimes the pain from the sting may cause them to mistake a normal reaction for an allergic one.  The harshness of an insect sting reaction differs from person to person based on the types of insect toxins. A normal reaction will result in swelling, pain, and redness confined to the sting site. But a large-scale reaction will result in swelling that extends beyond the sting site which can persist for two to three days, corticosteroids and antihistamines are sometimes prescribed to lessen the discomfort. During the summer and spring months, people with allergy are not the only ones wary of wasps, bees, other insects. These belong to the Hymenoptera order of insects, and their stings cause itching and painful swelling in non-allergic individuals.

  • Track 12-1Insect sting allergy
  • Track 12-2Fire ants allergy
  • Track 12-3Wasp and bee sting allergy
  • Track 12-4Yellow jacket sting infection and allergy
  • Track 12-5Bug bites, Skeeter Syndrome and allergy
  • Track 12-6Mosquito bite allergy
  • Track 12-7Stinging Hymenoptera and mastocytosis
  • Track 12-8Allergic reaction and allergy shots
  • Track 12-9Allergy and Venom Immunotherapy
Zoonotic Diseases or animal allergy is an allergic reaction to proteins found in pet’s dander, saliva, urine and animal’s skin flakes. The symptoms of the pet allergy include hay fever, sniffling, sneezing, itchiness, runny nose, and watery eyes and a runny nose. Few people may experience symptoms of asthma such as wheezing, and difficulty in breathing. Commonly, pet allergy is triggered by exposure to the dead flakes of skin a pet sheds. The animals with pet hair or fur can collect pollen, mold, spores and other outdoor allergens, which can be a source of pet allergy, but pet allergies are most commonly associated with cats and dogs. People having a pet allergy, the better strategy is to avoid the exposure to the animals as much as possible. Medication and other treatments may be needed to relieve the symptoms and manage asthma.
 
  • Track 13-1Pet allergy
  • Track 13-2Feline allergy
  • Track 13-3Canine allergic disease
  • Track 13-4Flea allergy
  • Track 13-5Atopic dermatitis
  • Track 13-6Perennial allergy
  • Track 13-7Allergens in veterinary medicine
  • Track 13-8Diagnose and treatment for pet allergy

Pathophysiology or physiopathology of allergic diseases is a convergence of pathology with physiology; which can assist in the treatment, management, and therefore in the prevention of allergy. Allergic diseases may develop in any organ or system which is caused by the etiological factors includes infectious agents and foreign proteins of the factors operating in the casual pathogenesis of infectious diseases. The most important one is an exaggerated formation of antibodies, which appears to be uncontrolled and occurring irrespective of the demands of the organism. The crucial morphological features in allergic inflammation are rather assorted, their diagnostic value differing in a wide range but being never absolute. The immunoperoxidase and immunofluorescent methods and electron microscopy are important diagnostic tools which have been generally acknowledged that many drugs operate as antigens. This may cause the death of the respective patient, but the allergic manifestations may subside after withdrawal of such drugs.

  • Track 14-1Stress physiology
  • Track 14-2Immediate hypersensitivity reactions
  • Track 14-3Allergy: Etiology and Epidemiology
  • Track 14-4Diagnosis and treatment of allergy
  • Track 14-5Primary immune responses
Venereal diseases: A diseases that are transmitted by sexual contact, which is caused by microorganisms that survive on the skin or mucus membranes or that are transmitted by vaginal secretions, semen or blood during intercourse. More than 30 different parasites, viruses, and bacteria can be transmitted through the sexual contact. The genital areas provide a warm and moist environment that is especially conducive to the proliferation of bacteria, yeasts, and viruses, so a great many diseases can be transmitted this way, including chlamydia, AIDS, genital warts, syphilis, gonorrhea, yeast infections, and some hepatitis.
 
Venereal diseases are also known as a morbus venereus or sexually transmitted diseases (STD) which doesn’t mean sex is the only way STDs are transmitted; it also depends upon the type of STD, infections may also be transmitted through sharing needles, donor tissue, blood, breastfeeding or childbirth. Sexually transmitted infections (STI) can be transmitted to an infant before or during the childbirth which may result in poor outcomes for the baby and few STI may cause problems with the ability to get pregnant.
  • Track 15-1Sexually Transmitted Diseases
  • Track 15-2HIV and AIDS
  • Track 15-3Chlamydia and Gonorrhea
  • Track 15-4Chancroid and Hepatitis B
  • Track 15-5Trichomoniasis
  • Track 15-6Genital Herpes (HSV-1, HSV-2)
  • Track 15-7Genital Warts and Human papillomavirus (HPV)
  • Track 15-8Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
  • Track 15-9Pubic crabs and Syphilis

The skin is the largest organ of the body which plays an important role to protect your body from infection. Sometimes the skin itself becomes infected which is caused by a wide variety of bacteria, virus, fungus, germs, and symptoms can vary from mild to serious. Mild skin infections may be treatable with over-the-counter medications and home remedies; whereas other infections may need medical attention.  Bacterial skin infection starts with small and red bumps that slowly increase in size. Few bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with tropical antibiotics, but other infections need an oral antibiotic. Fungal infections of the skin are very common and include athlete’s foot, ringworm, jock itch, and yeast infections. Virus-related cutaneous conditions are caused by two main groups of viruses- RNA and DNA types-both of which are obligatory intracellular parasites.

  • Track 16-1Pediatric dermatology
  • Track 16-2Skin cancer
  • Track 16-3Skin disease in pregnancy
  • Track 16-4Hives (Urticaria) and Angioedema
  • Track 16-5Allergy to Poison Ivy, Oak, and Sumac
  • Track 16-6Cosmetic skin allergy
  • Track 16-7Bacterial skin infections
  • Track 16-8Viral skin infections
  • Track 16-9Parasitic skin infection
  • Track 16-10Fungal skin infections
  • Track 16-11Staphylococcal infectionss and allergy
  • Track 16-12Allergies to Insect Stings
  • Track 16-13Nickel allergy
  • Track 16-14Scabies
  • Track 16-15Molluscum contagiosum
Dermatitis is a general term that describes an inflammation of the skin, which is distinguished from a Skin infection, which can result in the skin inflammation. Skin inflammation caused by skin infection is called infective dermatitis. Dermatitis can have many causes and begins in many different forms. It usually involves an itchy rash on the reddened and swollen skin. Dermatitis is a common condition which is not contagious, but it can make people feel uncomfortable and self-conscious.
 
Skin infection by dermatitis may ooze, blister, develop a crust or flake off. Examples of dermatitis include atopic dermatitis, dandruff, and rashes caused by contact with any of a number of substances, such as soaps, ivy, and jewelry with nickel in it. The combination of medications and self-care steps can help to treat dermatitis.
 
Psoriasis is generally thought to be a genetic disease that is triggered by environmental factors which are also called a long-lasting autoimmune disease characterized by patches of abnormal skin. These skin patches are typically dry, red, itchy and scaly. The patches may be purple in the people with darker skin. It can vary in severity from small, localized patches to complete body coverage. 
  • Track 17-1Immmunodermatology and autoimmunity
  • Track 17-2Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis
  • Track 17-3Allergic contact dermatitis
  • Track 17-4Irritant contact dermatitis
  • Track 17-5Atopic dermatitis
  • Track 17-6Neurodermatitis
  • Track 17-7Nummular dermatitis
  • Track 17-8Seborrheic dermatitis
  • Track 17-9Stasis dermatitis
  • Track 17-10Dermatitis herpetiformis
  • Track 17-11Pediatric dermatological diseases
Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity which can be temporary or permanent and may be painful or painless. Some have genetically, while others may have situational causes. Few skin conditions are mild, and others can indicate a more serious issue as life-threatening.
 
Skin pigmentation is commonly known as skin discoloration often results of sun exposure (UV rays), genetics, hormonal changes, pregnancy, and medications such as birth control pills, aging skin or the wrong use of skin care products. Skin gets its color from a pigment called melanin, which is made up of special cells in the skin called melanocytes. When these cells get damaged or become unhealthy, it affects the production of melanin, which causes skin pigmentation. Excess production of melanin leads to hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation causes the skin to darken; it can occur in small patches, cover large areas and affect the whole body.
  • Track 18-1Eczema
  • Track 18-2Acne Rosacea & Acne Vulgaris
  • Track 18-3Cold sore and Blister
  • Track 18-4Actinic keratosis and Carbuncle
  • Track 18-5Measles and Chickenpox
  • Track 18-6Contact dermatitis and Vitiligo
  • Track 18-7Wart and Cellulitis
  • Track 18-8Pityriasis versicolor
  • Track 18-9Keratosis pilaris and ringworm
  • Track 18-10Squamous cell carcinoma and Lupus
  • Track 18-11Basal cell carcinoma and Melanoma
  • Track 18-12Melasma and Impetigo
  • Track 18-13Hyperpigmentation and Hypopigmentation
Clinical immunology is the study of different diseases caused by the immune system and immunodeficiency disorders such as failure aberrant action, and malignant growth of the cellular elements of the system. It also involves the diseases of other systems, where immune reactions play a role in the pathology and clinical features. Clinical immunology is also helped to prevent the immune system’s attempts to destroy allografts.
 
Immunotherapy also called biologic therapy, which is a type of cancer therapeutics that boosts the body’s natural defenses to fight against cancer. It uses the substances made by the body or in a laboratory to improve or restore immune system function. Immunotherapy may work by slowing or stopping the growth of cancer cells or spreading to other parts of the body.  It helps the immune system work well by destroying the cancer cells.
  • Track 19-1Immunological regulation and techniques
  • Track 19-2Immunological aspects of skin diseases and infection
  • Track 19-3Immunological aspects of allergy and anaphylaxis
  • Track 19-4Immunology of HIV infections
  • Track 19-5Immunological aspects of cardiac diseases
  • Track 19-6Immunological aspects of renal diseases
  • Track 19-7Immune-mediated neurological syndromes
  • Track 19-8Immunological aspects of endocrine diseases
  • Track 19-9Cancer vaccines