Drug Allergy and Vaccine Allergy

A drug allergy is an adverse reaction to sensitivity towards drugs and medications and it doesn’t include the immune system most of the times. Medications and therapies like Antibiotics, Aspirin, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, Anticonvulsants, Monoclonal antibodies, Chemotherapy are more likely to produce allergic reactions. One of the most severe allergic reactions is  Anaphylaxis that involves hives, lowered blood pressure, swelling, and in more severe cases, causes anaphylactic shock, which if not treated immediately can be lethal since it involves more than one body metabolic functions. However, an allergic reaction doesn’t occur on the first exposure with the allergen, since the body has to first create memory then the lymphocyte cells make antibodies against the antigen. However, since the drugs consist of numerous different substances, any of those substances can cause an allergic reaction, including dyes. Symptoms include rashes, trouble breathing, fever, itching, and swelling or redness.

The vaccine allergy is one of the most extremely rare types of allergy, with only one to two serious allergic reactions per million vaccinations given. But when a person affected by vaccine allergy, it can be very serious, even life-threatening. The allergic reactions start within minutes, after the vaccination and the symptoms include indications on the skin like itching, urticaria, and swelling, followed by respiratory indices like a cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing, swollen glands, and a reduced blood pressure. If the reaction is stronger, then it should be treated immediately with epinephrine.

  • Antibiotics and penicillin allergy
  • Aspirin (Salicylate) allergy
  • Anaphylaxis
  • Anticonvulsants
  • Monoclonal antibody therapy
  • Polyclonal antibody therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Antihistamines and Corticosteroids

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